Estimated Height at Pickup: 2-3’, 3 gal

Adaptability and agreeability make this shrub a dependable addition to most native plantings. With an easily managed size, pale flowers in the spring for pollinators showy fall color, and black berries in the fall for birds, what’s not to like?

Pollination: Self pollinating.

Light: Full Sun, Part Sun/Shade

Soil Moisture: Wet Mesic, Mesic, Dry Mesic, Dry

Soil Type: Adaptable

Height: 3’-8’

Width: 3’-8’

Bloom Color: White

Bloom Time: May

Fruit: Blue/black berries mature in fall.

Fall Color: Orange, Red, Purple

Root Type: Taproot

Notable Wildlife Interactions: Flowers attract mainly small bees. Hosts the coral hairstreak butterfly, and the praeclara underwing and blueish spring moths. Berries are eaten by a variety of animals such as grouse, waxwings, fox, and squirrels. Commonly browsed by mammals.

Notes: Fruits are safe to eat but generally terribly bitter, hence the plant’s common name.

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