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A stunning, distinctive plant with large (3’’) sunflower-like blooms on an impressively tall inflorescence (up to 10’). Bloom stalks make up most of the height, but the large, leathery leaves may reach 3’ tall.


Light: Full Sun

Soil Moisture: Wet Mesic, Mesic, Dry Mesic

Soil Type: Loam, Rocky, Gravely

Height: 5'-10'

Bloom Color: Yellow

Bloom Time: Jul-Sep

Root Type: Taproot

Notable Wildlife Interactions: Flowers attract mainly bees, flies, and hummingbirds. Hosts several species of wasp and beetle. Goldfinches eat the seeds. Foliage is readily eaten by large mammals, though the leathery leaves tend to deter rabbits.

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