A large, hardy, multi-stemmed shrub that can be trained into a tree with a single trunk. Prefers part shade and moist soil but is generally adaptable, with edible berries and bunches of small, white spring flowers! Plants in full sun require more water.
2+ individuals needed for pollination.
Light: Full Sun, Part Sun/Shade, Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet, Wet Mesic, Mesic, Dry Mesic
Soil Type: Adaptable
Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May
Fruit: Edible blue/black drupes (berries) mature in fall.
Fall Color: Orange, Red
Root Type: Branching
Notable Wildlife Interactions: Flowers attract bees and flies. Hosts some moths including the dramatically named unsated sallow and horrid zale, leafhoppers, beetles, and some smaller insects. Berries are eaten by a wide variety of birds, including thrushes, bobwhite, cedar waxwings, and eastern bluebirds. Squirrels and foxes may also feed on berries. Commonly browsed by rabbits and deer.
Notes: Mildly deer resistant. Shallow root system that tends to sucker if allowed. Tree forms tend to grow taller than shrub forms. Prune immediately after flowering as the next years flower buds form early. Name supposedly due to female goats being more fond of the berries than male goats. Berries are reportedly sweet and can be made into jam.