Estimated Height at Pickup: 2-3’, 3 gal

An adaptable, fast growing shrub with showy yellow blooms! A prime candidate for short hedges and erosion control, even in poor soils. Flowers are bright against the dark green foliage, and fall color varies from yellow to red.

Pollination: Likely self pollinating.

Light: Full Sun, Part Sun/Shade

Soil Moisture: Wet Mesic, Mesic, Dry Mesic

Soil Type: Adaptable 

Height: 2’-4’

Width: 2’-4’

Bloom Color: Yellow

Bloom Time: June-Aug

Fruit: Black seeds in oblong seed pods mature in fall.

Fall Color: Yellow, Orange, Red

Root Type: Branching

Notable Wildlife Interactions: Flowers attract bees and flies. Hosts the gray hairstreak butterfly, moths such as the wavy-lined emerald, some leafhoppers and smaller insects. Generally avoided by mammalian herbivores.

Notes: Prune in early spring. Tolerates seasonal flooding. Reseeds readily on open ground.

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