One of Indiana’s most common orchids, it is most often found in high quality, relatively undisturbed woodlands. Its leaves emerge in fall and persist through spring, making it fairly easy to locate when other plants have died back. Leaves are very low laying, so potential height is made up entirely by bloom stalk. Only blooms after years with optimal conditions. Requires healthy, well established woodland soil as it may fail to flourish without particular mycorrhizal fungi. Soil can be slightly acidic to neutral. Seeds are incredibly small and wind dispersed. 

Light: Part Sun/Shade, Shade

Soil Moisture: Wet Mesic, Mesic

Soil Type: Loam, Humus

Height: 6”-20”

Bloom Color: Purple, Yellow

Bloom Time: May-Jun

Root Type: Corm

Notable Wildlife Interactions: Likely pollinated by small bees. Possibly browsed by deer.

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