A deer resistant species with delicate flowers that will readily reseed in rich, moist soils. Excellent late summer/early fall blooms to feed pollinators, including migrating monarchs! Perfect for naturalizing lowlands and woodland edges.
Light: Full Sun, Part Sun/Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet Mesic, Mesic, Dry Mesic
Soil Type: Loam, Silt, Humus
Bloom Color: Blue
Bloom Time: Sep-Oct
Root Type: Rhizome
Notable Wildlife Interactions: Flowers attract a number of pollinators, but most often long-tonged bees, butterflies, and skippers. Hosts moths such as the clymene moth, lined ruby tiger moth, and eupatorium borer moth. Bitter foliage makes it unpalatable to mammals.