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A showy, blue blooming plant that tolerates dry, rocky soil, and hosts a number of caterpillars! Large, showy seed pods are valuable for winter interest. A long lived nitrogen fixer that is slow to establish in the first year or two as it puts down roots, but is drought tolerant and hardy once established. Resistant to deer browsing. Tolerates moist conditions if soil is well drained.


Light: Full Sun, Part Sun/Shade

Soil Moisture: Wet Mesic, Mesic, Dry Mesic

Soil Type: Adaptable

Height: 2'-4'

Bloom Color: Blue

Bloom Time: May-Jun

Root Type: Taproot

Notable Wildlife Interactions: Mainly pollinated by bumblebee queens, occasionally visited by hummingbirds. Hosts the wild indigo dusty wing skipper, hoary edge skipper, frosted elfin butterfly, marine blue butterfly, orangesulphur butterfly, and a number of moths. Mildly toxic foliage makes them unpalatable to herbivores.

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