Estimated Height at Pickup: 4-5’, 3 gal
The lovely American elm! Iconic and generally adaptable, elms were once a dominant canopy species. Due to the introduction of Dutch elm disease, they now rarely reach their full size and maximum age, and function more as a second growth or woodland edge species. These smaller trees still support host insects and wildlife, and may occasionally reach mature size.
Elms are often still included in restoration plantings both as insect hosts, and to insure deadwood (for the benefit of bats in particular) even in younger plantings.
Pollination: 2+ individuals needed.
Light: Full Sun, Part Sun/Shade, Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet Mesic, Mesic, Dry Mesic
Soil Type: Adaptable
Bloom Color: -
Bloom Time: Mar-Apr
Fruit: Seeds with round wings hang from branches in distinctive clusters.
Fall Color: Yellow
Root Type: Taproot
Notable Wildlife Interactions: Hosts the comma and questionmark butterflies, moths such as the elm sphinx, many leafhoppers, beetles, and smaller insects. Aminals such as red-breasted grosbeak, finches, and squirrels feed on seeds and buds of the trees. Large trees provide nesting habitat for Baltimore orioles, warbling vireo, and red-shouldered hawks. Commonly browsed by deer and rabbits.
Notes: Tolerates winter flooding. Individuals at moist sites may forgo development of a taproot.