Cardinal Flower (Lobelia cardinalis)
A native lobelia with showy red flowers- favored by swallowtail butterflies and hummingbirds! Adaptable to soil type, but requires wetter than average conditions. Plants grow happily in shallow water, and are absolute stunners for water edges, wetlands, and moist ditches!
Light: Full Sun, Part Sun/Shade, Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet, Wet Mesic
Soil Type: Loam, Sandy Loam, Gravely
Bloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: Aug-Sep
Root Type: Fibrous
Notable Wildlife Interactions: Flowers attract hummingbirds, butterflies- particularly swallowtails- bees, and flies. Hosts the pink-washed looper moth. Rarely browsed.
Notes: With sufficient light, this species can survive entirely underwater! Submerged leaves are round with reddish undersides, so cardinal flowers are sometimes sold as ornamental plants in the aquarium hobby.