A.k.a. swamp lanterns. Known for its odd, hooded flowers that emerge in late winter, this unique plant needs constantly wet soil in a forested wetland or seep. Needs some spring sun before the trees leaf out, but does not tolerate summer sun and goes dormant by late summer. Tolerates seasonal flooding, but not standing water. NOT A POND PLANT. Does not spread by rhizome, but may slowly form a colony by seed in ideal conditions.
Light: Part Sun/Shade, Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet, Wet Mesic
Soil Type: Humus, Sandy, Muck
Bloom Color: Green, Red
Bloom Time: Feb-Apr
Root Type: Taproot
Notable Wildlife Interactions: Flowers attract flies and gnats. Hosts the ruby tiger and cattail borer moths. Slugs and snails occasionally eat leaves, rarely browsed by mammals.
Notes: The elongated rootstock is not structurally the same as a taproot, but it serves the same function and makes this species incredibly difficult to transplant. Seeds will die if allowed to dry out. Flowers smell slightly rotten, but the smell is not noticeable unless one makes an effort to give them a whiff. I have heroically refrained from tagging this species with “fragrant”.