And excellent tree for bird and pollinator support! Sports fragrant white flowers in mid spring and red berries in the fall and into winter. Susceptible to some rusts that affect foliage, which rarely harms the tree but can make leaves look scrappy every few years. Species is otherwise hardy.

Light: Full Sun, Part Sun/Shade

Soil Moisture: Wet Mesic, Mesic, Dry Mesic, Dry

Soil Type: Adaptable 

Height: 20’ -25’

Width: 20’-25’

Bloom Color: White

Bloom Time: May

Fruit: Red crabapple-like berries mature late summer-fall and often remain on branches into the winter.

Fall Color: Yellow, Red

Root Type: Taproot

Notable Wildlife Interactions: Flowers attract bees, flies, wasps, beetles, and butterflies. Hosts the striped hairstreak and red spotted purple butterflies, moths such as the hawthorn underwing, some beetles, leafhoppers, plant bugs, and many smaller insects. Fruits are eaten by songbirds such as robins, waxwings, and mockingbirds. Dense branches and thorns provide habitats for birds such as thrashers, chats, and shrikes.

Notes: Fruits are edible to humans, but not particularly palatable. Susceptible to multiple kinds of rust which may make foliage look scrappy some years, but rarely damage the tree.  Consider planting in spaces that aren't focal points in your yard.

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